Orthopedic surgery involves the skeletal system such as the repair of joints, bones, ligaments and tendons. Apart from fixing injuries solely related to the skeletal system, an orthopedic surgeon is also required to perform procedures relating to the feet, hands and spine. In recent years, orthopedic surgery has become one of the most popular branches of surgery, with patients coming in with advanced and unique degrees of orthopedic injury.
Orthopedic Surgery and the procedures that are commonly used for treatment of problems
Orthopedic surgery has a number of branches to tackle different categories of skeletal injury. Although in many cases, non-surgical options such as the likes of physiotherapy are more than sufficient in tackling the situation, surgery becomes an absolute must for certain cases. A meniscectomy refers to a surgical operation for removing a torn meniscus from the knee joint. The meniscectomy is performed by applying the technique of arthroscopic procedure, which involves making minor incisions by entering a small camera into the joint being addressed. Then, instruments such as scissors and shavers are used to remove the meniscus. This sort of orthopedic procedure is accompanied with negligible pain.
Different Types of anesthesia options available for patients undergoing orthopedic surgery
A vast number of anesthetic options are available for orthopedic surgery. However, not all options are valid for all patients. The patient should always have a detailed discussion regarding the choice of anesthetic with the doctor or anesthesiologist, prior to the surgery. General anesthesia is the most frequently used anesthetic option for significant orthopedic procedures. This option is mostly preferred as the patient becomes completely disconnected with his or her senses. Complications are remote in cases of general anesthesia as the procedure is supervised closely through special monitors. Epidural or spinal anesthesia that is mostly administered during childbirth is also another option. Local anesthesia, is however, only used for minor and superficial surgeries as the pain relief provided may not be adequate for the patient.
Completion of orthopedic surgery and the subsequent process of rehabilitation
The patient can return to his or her usual lifestyle in very little time. Usually, a few days or a long weekend off from performing heavy duties is enough for proper recovery. As long as no pain is experienced, the patient can walk around normally, although preferably for shorter spans. In most cases of meniscectomy, surgeons advise their patients to resume activities, depending on their threshold for pain. Some patients take longer whereas others are relatively quicker in their healing time. The recovery span is largely dependent on the patient’s individual medical health and specifications. It is advisable that the patient consult a qualified and expert doctor to clarify their specific rehabilitation methods, especially suited to their personal cases. In certain cases, the doctor may prescribe a recovery period that spans a little longer than the usual.